Animal Researchsection" id="increasing-norepinephrine-levels">Increasing norepinephrine levels>L-tyrosine may invigorate the brain during periods of fatigue.
The amino acid L-tyrosine is critical for the production of proteins, hormones, and neurotransmitters in the body, some of which may help boost energy by:
- Fighting fatigue. L-tyrosine seems to boost cognitive performance and elevate mood during times of stress or fatigue.
One of twenty amino acids that are used by the body to make proteins, L-tyrosine is considered non-essential because it is regularly made in the body from phenylalanine. L-Tyrosine is also available in a variety of foods, including soy, pork, beef, pumpkin seeds, and dairy products.
The most widely recognized function of L-tyrosine is facilitating the production of stimulatory neurotransmitters such as epinephrine and norepinephrine. By replenishing neurotransmitters, L-tyrosine might accordingly be able to promote their fundamental activities, some of which include:
L-tyrosine is a precursor to catecholamines—epinephrine, dopamine, and norepinephrine—that are critical for regulating energy levels. Norepinephrine, also known as noradrenaline, is particularly crucial for mobilizing the body and brain for action. In effect, tyrosine might indirectly boost energy by ultimately increasing the amount of available norepinephrine.2
Further, L-tyrosine has demonstrated a capacity to suppress the natural depletion of norepinephrine during states of depression or acute stress, such as fatigue.3 By increasing the production and decreasing the depletion of norepinephrine, L-tyrosine may be able to help sustain energy levels necessary for optimal function.
L-Tyrosine Benefits & Uses for Energytyrosine is plays a vital role in the production of hormones involved in energizing the body. Norepinephrine in particular is essential for mobilizing the body and brain for action, which includes elevating heart rate, increasing blood flow to muscles, and releasing energy stores. Research has especially honed in on the capacity of L-tyrosine to:
Taking these benefits into account, L-tyrosine supplementation may prove to be valuable for people consistently subjected to external stressors who absolutely need to stay alert—around-the-clock workers, military personnel, aviators, and astronauts, for example.
Animal studies indicate that L-tyrosine may be able to:
- Uplift mood and increase activity in rats undergoing a swim test9
- Suppress the depletion of norepinephrine triggered by stress in rats10 11
Human Researchline-height: 18.0pt;">Clinical research demonstrates that L-tyrosine reduces the impact of fatigue on cognitive performance.
In this placebo-controlled, double-blind investigation, 21 military cadets took either a placebo protein drink or 2 grams (g) of tyrosine 5 times a day before completing a combat course throughout a week-long training period. The side effects of stress and fatigue were considerably decreased in the tyrosine group, resulting in increased performance on memory and tracking tasks.
- The researchers concluded that “supplementation with tyrosine may, under operational circumstances characterized by psychosocial and physical stress, reduce the effects of stress and fatigue on cognitive task performance.”12
In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind investigation, nighttime workers underwent performance tasks and mood assessments for 13 hours in the evening after remaining awake all throughout the day. 6 hours into the task, workers were given either a placebo or 150 milligrams (mg) of tyrosine per kilogram (kg) of body weight. At the end of the study, tyrosine was shown to significantly ameliorate performance decline on the psychomotor and vigilance tasks compared to the placebo.
- The researchers concluded that “tyrosine may prove useful in counteracting performance decrements during episodes of sustained work coupled with sleep loss.”13
In this double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation, a group of people took either a placebo or tyrosine at 100 mg/kg body weight and were exposed to 4.5 hours of acute stress, including cold and hypoxia (low oxygen). Tyrosine was found to significantly decrease adverse moods and impairments in performance compared to the placebo.
- The researchers concluded that “Tyrosine significantly decreased symptoms, adverse moods, and performance impairments…[and] should be evaluated in a variety of acutely stressful situations.”14
Dosage for Energy
Available Formst, or powder.
Supplements in Review Says
Supplements in Review Says: 14pt;">L-tyrosine 500 – 1500 mg for energy.
L-tyrosine appears to sustain cognitive function during fatigue. L-tyrosine’s well-known role as the precursor to several key brain chemicals – coupled with the findings of clinical research – suggest that it can improve mental energy when you are fatigued or stressed.
- Young SN. L-Tyrosine to alleviate the effects of stress? J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2007 May;32(3):224. ↩
- Yeghiayan SK, et al. Tyrosine improves behavioral and neurochemical deficits caused by cold exposure. Physiol Behav. 2001 Feb;72(3):311-6. ↩
- Reinstein DK, et al. Dietary tyrosine suppresses the rise in plasma corticosterone following acute stress in rats. Life Sci. 1985 Dec 9;37(23):2157-63. ↩
- Deijen JB, et al. Effect of tyrosine on cognitive function and blood pressure under stress. Brain Res Bull. 1994;33:319-23. ↩
- Shurtleff D, et al. Tyrosine reverses a cold-induced working memory deficit in humans. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1994;47:935-41. ↩
- O’Brien C, et al. Dietary tyrosine benefits cognitive and psychomotor performance during body cooling. Physiol Behav. 2007 Feb 28;90(2-3):301-7. ↩
- Owasoyo JO, et al. Tyrosine and its potential use as a countermeasure to performance decrement in military sustained operations. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1992 May;63(5):364-9. ↩
- Lemoine P, et al. L-tyrosine: a long term treatment of Parkinson’s disease. C R Acad Sci III. 1989;309:43-7. ↩
- Alabsi A, et al. The Antidepressant Effect of L-Tyrosine-Loaded Nanoparticles: Behavioral Aspects. Ann Neurosci. 2016 Jul;23(2):89-99. ↩
- Lehnert H, et al. Neurochemical and behavioral consequences of acute, uncontrollable stress: effects of dietary tyrosine. Brain Res. 1984 Jun 15;303(2):215-23. ↩
- Wang Z, et al. L-tyrosine improves neuroendocrine function in a mouse model of chronic stress. Neural Regen Res. 2012 Jun 25;7(18):1413-9. ↩
- Deijen JB, et al. Tyrosine improves cognitive performance and reduces blood pressure in cadets after one week of a combat training course. Brain Res Bull. 1999;48:203-9. ↩
- Neri DF, et al. The effects of tyrosine on cognitive performance during extended wakefulness. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1995;66:313-9. ↩
- Banderet LE, et al. Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1992 May;63(5):364-9. ↩
- Guilarte TR. Effect of vitamin B-6 nutrition on the levels of dopamine, dopamine metabolites, dopa decarboxylase activity, tyrosine, and GABA in the developing rat corpus striatum. Neurochem Res. 1989 Jun;14(6):571-8. ↩